Canada’s “New” Canadians

After World War II had ended and civilian life had returned to normal the years 1946 to 1963 set the stage for a very dynamic period in history. My personal definition of security and prosperity would consist of fulfilment of individual’s expectations without fear of failure. The primary sources, “Hungarian Displaced Person” (HDP) and “Brajinder Dhillon’s story” (BDS) both depicted narratives of candid prosperity and security [1][2]. New Canadians Marie Ori Burns and Brajinder Dhillon as well as many other new Canadians enjoyed security and prosperity between 1946 to (but not limited to) 1963 because new Canadians could use Canada as safe refuge, Canadians where open and inviting, and the parameters of living where very reasonable. New Canadians were able to accomplish just as much as any native Canadian since the period in time allowed for a wide and dynamic range of success through security as well as prosperity

New Canadian’s were able to use Canada as a safe refuge if they so desired. Canada’s first major immigration group where the Irish because of the potato famine [3] Canada provided a safe haven for Irish immigrants and allowed for potential growth even after the famine had ended, this trend carried on into and surpassed the 1950’s. Furthermore, in the primary source HDP the Hungarian Displaced Person sought out for Canada after her home country was left in dismay after World War II [2], Canada acted as a temporary home witch hosted the displaced woman and fulfilled her expectations, which was my initial definition of New Canadian’s prosperity. The woman also experienced security since she no longer had to live in a place of constant conflict and insecurity. Having and choosing the option to immigrate to Canada is concessive proof that Canada was a place of security. Canada In the years 1946 until 1963 was a time of exceptional security; many new Canadians felt comfortable and fixated towards Canada because it was able to provide this insatiable sense of security in both job and personal means.

Canadians who came to Canada were often welcomed to the nation [4]. Taking the case of Brajinder Dhillon’s story and how he was so accustom and adjusted to a new Canadian life only after a few years in Canada as opposed to decades in his home country Indian that he felt uncomfortable and out of place when he went back to visit his family in India; Brajinder Dhillon’s quick adjustment to Canada was thanks to the hospitality of the general Canadian public. If his daily life experience was clustered with rude and unreeling people his adjustment to a Canadian lifestyle would have been drastically slower or would have not have happened at all. Furthermore the majority of new Canadians were German [5]. German’s where the enemy just a few months ago and now they are being allowed access into the country without any hesitation; evidence that Canada was an open place where any new Canadian could feel safe and secure. The blatant fact that the majority of Canadians where inviting to new Canadians is direct result of security that was felt by new Canadians; a sense of belonging are a few key aspects that make up security as a whole.

Lastly new Canadians had very reasonable living conditions. In the Primary source on self-made immigrants two very different people, with two very different circumstances where both successful after creating their own business ventures [6]. Canada provided a stable platform on which these two Canadians could develop their dream and create something that reflected there initial aspiration. This is the very definition of the term prosperity; these two men were able to prosper by turning their vision into a reality, which would be incredibly difficult if they were anywhere but Canada. This further proofs that Canada during the time was a place of prosper for new Canadians; Canada had setup an ecosystem which was both adequate and adaptable and this ecosystem allowed for many people to thrive under the circumstances.

As the years that predeceased World War II Canadians, new and old alike had security and prosperity in the years 1946-1963. Canada proved to be as place of versatility showing as each unique individual in Canada experienced and utilized Canada in their own unique ways; certain people immigrated for means of safe refuge, others for the dynamic and inviting atmosphere, and others the parameters of very reasonable living. Canadian life in the years 1946 to 1963 had multiple factors that made it a place and time of prosper as well as security but the period’s impact on new Canadians are unmatched in any other point of history until this day.


Dhillon, Brajinder . “Dhillon.” Brajinder Dhillon’s story. 1 (1972): 1-4. Print.

Burns, Marie O. “Hungarian Displaced persons.” General Staurt Heintzelman 1.1 (1934): 1. Print.

“The Peopling of Canada (1946-1976): Post World War II. .” Post World War II. . Version 1. University of Calgary, n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2013. <>.

“Immigration – The Canadian Encyclopedia.” The Canadian Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Mar. 2013. <;.

“What to Search: Topics – Genealogy and Family History – Library and Archives Canada.” Bienvenue au site Web Bibliothèque et Archives Canada / Welcome to the Library and Archives Canada website. Version 1. Candaian Givernment, n.d. Web. 26 Mar. 2013. <;.

“New To Canada.” Chinese Canadians 1.1 (1950): 1-5. Print.


Prosperity and security is known to have a positive connotation, but what does prosperity and security really mean? Prosperity and security is the condition of being successful, through a job, and having the financial ability to survive comfortably. It also includes having confidence and being happy in one’s life. New Canadians arriving in Canada through 1945-1963, like Brajinder Dhillion and Marie Ori Burns, enjoyed prosperity and security to a great amount compared to their old life. They experienced prosperity and security through Employment, Education, and Social Acceptance in Canada.

New Canadians experienced prosperity and security through Employment. The New Canadians were able to find jobs quickly which put them at ease. Marie Ori Burns left Austria in 1948 for Canada on the General Stuart Heintzelman steamship. Burns found employment in three days, working in the ship’s gallery. She was granted a minor service, passing passengers trays for their meals. Since Burns had a basic knowledge of English, she was sent to serve as a ward-aid at a mentally ill hospital even with no knowledge or training with the mentally ill.

Brajinder Dhillon immigrated to Vancouver, Canada with her husband and daughter in 1963. Dhillon’s husband, Jag who had a degree in law and sciences in Pakistan, got a job in the Parks and Recreation Centre, cleaning leaves and branches off the ground. He got paid one dollar an hour, the minimum wage during 1963. Jag also tried working at a lumber mill but sprained his hip on the machinery. Instead of firing Jag, he was given an easier job to help with the finances of school. Dhillon eventually got a job in 1964 as a teacher to help pay off some bills. This job was short-lived after giving birth to twins.

New Canadians had troubles like anyone trying to get a new job, but it was an upgrade to war. To the New Canadians, “(it) felt like being next door to heaven.” (Marie Ori Burns)

New Canadians experienced prosperity and safety through Education during this time period. The New Canadians were able to find education in Canada through school but also learning about themselves. Dhillon’s brother came to Canada in 1957 making it an ideal situation for Dhillon and her family. He started at the University of British Columbia looking for success. Jag also decided to further his studies at UBC, hoping to have a secure job in the future. In addition, Jag learned about himself through moving to Canada. He discovered he was truly a city boy, and couldn’t deal with physical labour. Jag probably would not have discovered this trait if he still was living in Pakistan. Even though this discovery isn’t a big one, it allows Jag to feel more comfortable in his life.

“A life-long wish was granted” (Burns) when she earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in English literature, the same day her son received his Bachelor of Business Administration. This major milestone allowed her family to fully experience prosperity and safety.

New Canadians also experienced prosperity and safety through Social Acceptance. Canada made these immigrants feel like they truly are Canadian. It was very hard for immigrants to leave, and move but they were repaid in the respect they were given in Canada.

Burns was just eighteen years old, leaving her family behind in Austria and travelling to Canada alone. Like any young adult, Burns was “dreadfully frightened” and suffered seasickness for three days. Once arriving in Canada, and sent to work in the Ontario Hospital, she once again was frightened with no experience in mental health. She even wanted to change herself to fit in. “One thing I had determined, to learn to speak English to the degree of perfection I was capable of and also to lose my foreign accent.”(Burns) Burns is now an enthusiastic and patriotic citizen of Canada who often thinks “(Canada) could not have been kinder, or more generous.”(Burns) She often thanks God for making her this destiny. She has learned to be a Canadian, you need to accept yourself. “Now I feel that my accent is no hindrance, but rather, I hope that it adds spice to my speech.” (Burns)

Brajinder Dhillon had a tough time in Pakistan. Her father was killed in the war of India and Pakistan. Her aunt had suggested immigrating to Canada as refugees, but her mother didn’t speak English and did not want to leave India. She refused the offer, and Dhillon had ‘lost’ both parents. Dhillon, her husband, and their daughter arrived in Canada with only seven dollars. Times were very tough for the three of them, but they were able to make it through the slump. “In 1972, we went to India for a visit. We realized that during our nine years of absence from our home country we had lost most of our friends. Even our relatives treated us like guests. We wanted to come back to Canada as soon as possible.”(Dhillon) She and her family had finally realized they were Canadians.

Between 1945 and 1963, Canadians faced many different problems and good situations but New Canadians experienced a great amount of prosperity and safety. They were able to find this success and comfort through Employment, Education, and Social Acceptance. Marie Ori Burns and Brajinder Dhillon are proud to say, “Canada was our home.”(Dhillon)


After the end of the Second World War, Canada experience a period of prosperity and security. Living conditions were never better and job opportunities skyrocketed, prompting countless outsiders to immigrate to Canada. It should be understood that immigrants from certain countries gained this prosperity and security more easily than other immigrants. The given primary sources provide information of an English woman and a Pakistani family that successfully achieved prosperity and security in Canada, and of a Chinese man who wasn’t as well accepted.

First we will analyze what makes prosperity and security. Having prosperity and security means to be successful, flourishing, and free from danger or any kind of risk, whether that be financial incapability, oppression or war.

The English woman, Sheila Laird, didn’t face any major obstacles when being shipped over to Canada to be with her husband, who had met her while overseas during WWII. She became a responsible Canadian mother and fifty-six years later, she felt safe and accepted by Canada (Leaving Home).

As for Brajinder Dhillon, she and her family shared a similar story of their entry into Canada, and their happy, successful life the followed. Both Brajinder and her husband ended up with dignified jobs through which they could make their living and support their family (Brajinder Dhillon’s Story).

Finally, there was Mr. Henry Yip, a Chinese waiter who had already lived in Canada for two decades before his girlfriend was arrested for having sexual relations with a Chinese man. Due to his race, he lacked the common protection from legal risks and oppression, which made a good example of the certain immigrants who had a harder time achieving prosperity and security.

However, we must also understand that just three stories are nearly enough to accurately inform us of the situation that Canadian immigrants faced in the Cold War Era. For example, it is interesting to note that Brajinder mentions a “points-based system” that dictated one’s ability to immigrate at the time; since the Dhillons had good education and a relative in Canada who was willing to sponsor, they found an easy way into the country. There were many more factors that determined the success of an immigrant than just his/her background, such as education, relatives, age and social class.

At the end of the day though, it is undeniable that a person’s country of origin did greatly affect their entry into Canada and the extent to which they enjoyed its prosperity and security that shined after the Second World War.


“In a world darkened by ethnic conflicts that tear nations apart, Canada stands as a model of how people of different cultures can live and work together in peace, prosperity, and mutual respect” – former U.S president, Bill Clinton (1946-1965). This Canadian society described, started to flourish after World War Two ended. In this time, Newfoundland joined Canada, colour televisions became popular and the economy was outstanding. The definition of prosperity and security is a place where you can live with no worries, the criminal death rate is low and the country has a good economy that provides jobs. The Canadians of this time enjoyed prosperity unbeknownst to them before. Immigrants that came to Canada throughout that era tell stories of a country that provided them with excellent job opportunities and high salaries, a very good education, and most importantly a safe place to live together with their loved ones.

The post-World War Two era brought many immigrants from all parts of the world to Canada. Unlike Canada, the countries were having internal wars and there were many which resulted into deaths and an emigrant exodus. For example, India and Pakistan had the war of segregation where the Pakistanis requested their right to form a new country. Mrs. Brajinder Dhillon wrote her immigration story in order to show us today, how grateful she was for coming into Canada. The first time, her mom tried to immigrate. She received all the documents needed but she got rejected mainly because she did not speak English but also because, during that time the Canadian government was reluctant to allow people from Asia into the country. Then she married her husband Jag, who had a degree in law and sciences. Together they applied again and with the help of Mrs. Dhillon’s brother they managed to enter Canada in 1963. During that time the Canadian immigration policy was based on quota and it was relatively easy to enter if you had a relative that was established here and had a good education. The beginning was harsh for these families because they did not have a good job and they felt homesick. In some cases there was also an extreme change in climate. Their life became better and better, but after 9 years, when they went back they realized that most friends from India had forgotten about them. That is when they first called Canada home. This brings out the point that Canada raised their standards of life by accepting immigrants. Moreover it shows that people here are more friendly and welcoming than in other places, which made the new people to feel more and more at home. Jag Branjder, the husband got, a provincial government job in Victoria where they later moved (Brajinder Dhillon’s Story). This shows that Canada really needed educated people during that time in order to grow and prosper economically. They needed other people’s ideas. Immigrants have a rough start because the North American life in is very different but in the end they get a well-paid job and they afford to have more than in they would have in other countries. This is what makes Canada so powerful, its education and its excellent job opportunities.

The Chinese immigration into North America is divided into three periods: 1849-1882, 1882-1965, and 1965 to the present. The Chinese immigrants have been discriminated during the first period and up to World War Two. Many Chinese immigrants were getting fake birth certificates of their “sons” in order to enter Canada and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police began to investigate and stop such acts. This shows that the Canadian security was very high during that period. Moreover, they did not allow many Chinese people into Canada due to racism inherent in the society. However some Chinese people managed to get here and they started flourishing businesses, such as starting a Chinese restaurant. During the 1960s, Douglas Jung became the first Chinese Canadian to be elected in the House of Commons. Canada during that time began to loosen up and allowed more and more Chinese immigrants into the country. It was a good start because Canada began to understand that racism is a negative part of society. In 1955, the government “permitted Chinese landed immigrants” to send money overseas to their relatives (Chinese Families). This shows that some Chinese immigrants were actually earning enough to have a decent living and to also send money to their relatives back in China. During that time, Canada also encountered the new taste of the Chinese-Canadian fast food. In the 1950 many Chinese opened up restaurants around Ottawa “offering not the ‘real’ cuisine of the Chinese, but rather, adapted to Western tastes”. Most immigrants came from Hong Kong but later people started coming from other parts of China and they also started opening authentic Chinese restaurants. This was good because Canada became more prosperous by creating job opportunity and adding diversity. There were new restaurants which created many job opportunities as well as diversity in the country. Some Chinese people also worked in the civil service. Overall, they adapted well and found jobs even though they were discriminated at the beginning. This made Canada understand that they should allow people to immigrate in order to see different points of view of the world within its own borders.

During the war many soldiers that fought, on the European fronts and fell in love with “war brides”. The term war bride “refers to the estimated 48,000 young women who met and married Canadian servicemen during the Second World War” (Veteran Affairs Canada). One such example is Sheila Laird, who was a British war bride that met with a Canadian soldier. Together they had one child and she was pregnant with their second one. One day that Canadian soldier was sent back to his homeland because he got wounded. This broke up the relationship. When the smaller child was five month old she was finally allowed to go to Canada. Due to the excellent economy of the time, many people from all over the world, wanted to immigrate to Canada. The Prime Minister at that time, William Lyon Mackenzie King created a policy which stated that Canada only allowed immigrants from certain ethnic groups such as “British, American, and northwestern Europeans” (Post World War Two). In order for a country to be able to support more people they need to be in a time of prosperity, which in this case Canada was at the time. As Ms. Laird arrived, in Halifax she expected her husband to be waiting for her, but he was not because the style of life in Canada was much different, he did not have the time to get from Toronto to Halifax. The wife and the two kids had to travel by themselves to Toronto where they finally met with their loved one. The train industry after that time became larger and more successful. When Mrs. Laird arrived her husband was dressed in civilian clothing and according to her “he looked like Al Capone” (War Bride). The clothing he was wearing shows the economic and social well-being of Canadians at that time. The country was providing funds and other benefits to war veterans during that time. The whole “American lifestyle” was new, but she successfully adapted to it as time went by. From the eyes of Mrs. Laird, Canada was a very prosperous country because her husband had a good job and moreover, because the people here were supportive and now she could spend time with “some hundred Canadian friends” (War Bride).

In conclusion, Canada had received a lot of immigrants during the time period of 1946-63 and this has radically changed the society and continues to do so today modern Canadians. Canada, after the end of World War Two was very prosperous because citizens had well-paying jobs, a good education, and it was a safe and diverse place to live in. The newly arrived immigrants had brought new job opportunities and opened up new stores that even today bring out their background and encourage multiculturalism. Canada enjoyed a lot of prosperity during that time because if they did not immigrants would have not wanted to come to Canada. The economy was going well and this created high payment salaries and many job placements. Most immigrants came to Canada so they could have a better life and Canada lived up to their expectations, and gave them what they really came for.

Work Cited

“Canadian War Brides – Veterans Affairs Canada.” Veterans Affairs Canada – Anciens Combattants Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2013.

“Chinese Immigration.” Oakton Community College. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2013.

“The Peopling of Canada (1946-1976): Post World War II.” Home | University of Calgary. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2013.


New Canadians enjoyed prosperity and security to some extent. My definition of prosperity and security is when people are successful and free from danger, and that was experienced by many immigrants during the Cold War. However not all new Canadians enjoyed prosperity and security.

The artifacts I researched were told from various perspectives, showing both the negative and positive sides of immigration at that time. People were more likely to be allowed to come to Canada if they already had an education and enough money to take care of themselves, and these people generally had a more positive experience than those who didn’t. the artifacts also suggest that even if people coming to Canada had a rough start, things usually improve from there. Sheila Laird, for example, had a hard time taking care of her children on the boat to Canada. She says in the article “He (one of the cooks on the boat) gave me an enamel pitcher with a huge lip to mix the formula. I tried to pour it into an English feeding bottle shaped like a boat, on a moving train in the dark, without a funnel. A hopeless task.” She  wondered if she had made the right decision. The situation was similar in Brajinder Dhillon’s story.  She was a refugee from India, and when she and her husband and daughter came to Canada, they felt homesick and wanted to go back to India. They didn’t have much money either. “We needed more money to pay the rent and buy food”, she says in the article Brajinder’s husband Jag first had a job cleaning up leaves at a Parks and Recreation Centre, and earned about a dollar an hour, which was not enough. Later on, both of them got jobs and were successful. Velma Demerson (in the article “Prisoner of Love”) had quite a different experience with immigration. She was placed in jail for having a child before she and her fiancée were married.  She also experienced a lot of racism because her fiancée was Chinese and she wasn’t.

The experiences of various immigrants prove that immigration at that time could be both a positive and a negative experience for people, and the same is true today.  There are many people who want to come to Canada but are not allowed to, as well as people who come to Canada but have a hard time finding employment or education and taking care of their families. Others have it much easier. However, nowadays we do not have many people coming into Canada that have to work for a dollar an hour anymore, and we definitely do not imprison people for having children before they are married, so the artifacts do suggest that conditions are improving for immigrants.


Following the end of World War II, Canada underwent a series of political, economic and social changes that severely affected the security, and prosperity of the people and their country putting them in a state of unrest. With many cities and even entire countries left decimated and fragmented after the relentless 6 years of chaos and destruction, many people from around the globe sought for a new place to call home. Judging by the various artifacts supplied by the Editor and Chief I came to the conclusion that although these New Canadians had a tough time at first, they worked their way up by means of hard work, persistence, and making due with their given situations. Through the use of these methods, the New Canadians were able to enjoy security and prosperity.

To start off, both of these New Canadians (Marie Ori Burns, and Brajinder Dhillon) did not have and easy journey traveling to their new home, nor a painless beginning to their new lives as Canadians. Both started out with next to nothing and worked day and night until they had built up their lives to a respectable level. For example in Brajinder Dhillon’s story her and her family were forced to abandon their home country and leave behind practically their entire lives. When they arrived with nothing more then $7 in their pockets, but her husband Jag got a series of Jobs, each paying very little and even taking a physical toll on him. His wife too, got a teaching job to provide support for the family but had to quit to accommodate for her newborn twins. Through this hard work and determination Dhillon and her family were able to call Canada their new home, and felt more welcome there then anywhere else.

Secondly, these Canadians didn’t simply arrive at the shore and got everything handed to them. Quite the contrary in fact, these people had to endear years upon years of hardships before they were finally able to enjoy prosperity and security. Hungarian Displaced Person Marie Ori Burns arrived in Canada in 1948, and not until 1984, well over 20 years later did she finally reach her goal of earning the degree of B.A in English Literature along with her son, through extensive work. If she had simply given up when the going got tough and had not stuck it out through all the hardships of building herself up she never would have accomplished these things. The artifact states that she is now “an enthusiastic and patriotic citizen, having obtained a citizenship at the earliest opportunity.” Proving that being persistence will not only bring you a bright future, but will pave the way for generations to come, giving your distant relatives their own prosperity and security through education, and perhaps even monetary value.

Finally, these people arrived from horrendous conditions across the sea. Either being bombed by the Soviets or losing their father in a newly split country in chaos fighting for freedom, they had nothing to hold on to for nurture and support. Nothing, except the most powerful bound of all of course, the connection to someone else. Each of these women being written about in the articles had someone in their life to depend on, and to work hard for. Someone to drive them to do the best they possibly could for each other and their future families, and someone to hold on to. Both women written about in these articles had either a husband or a whole family that they had to work in order to provide for them (financially, educationally, etc.). This also creates a sense of prosperity and security since both members of the couples always have each other to look out for them and can work together to better their lives.

Overall, prosperity and security isn’t something granted, rather than something earned through your own hard work, persistence, and creating a bond with a loved one or even a community to all work together for a common goal. If people don’t seek to improve themselves and their way of life on their own, of course there will be no prosperity or security, since no one is hungry enough for it, no one is willing to give it some time to fully develop into their lives and community.

Recourses: refugee/ Hungarian Displaced Person Marie Ori Burns.pdf


Security and prosperity mean having a democratic system of government, the right to live without fear, no war directly affecting you, and secure finances. Being secure and prosperous also tend to imply a general state of happiness. Between 1946 and 1963, new Canadians greatly enjoyed prosperity and security. This had to do with the fact that, firstly, new Canadians found financially secure employment, safety, and a welcoming, open-minded community.

Firstly, it was fairly easy for new Canadians to find work and a steady source of income between 1946 and 1963. At this time, it cost quite a lot to travel to Canada, as evidenced by the statement of Brajinder Dhillon, a new immigrant from Pakistan.She and her husband had “only seven dollars in [their] pockets when [they] arrived in Canada”(Brajinder Dhillon’s Story, lines 30-31), but soon her husband found employment. Later on, he obtained more profitable employment at a lumber mill without much trouble. They were able to not only support themselves and their daily needs with this income, but also afford schooling, which can be expensive. Marie Ori Burns, a refugee from Hungary, had no financial troubles. She was from a fairly well off family, and voyaged from Germany to Canada in a commercial boat. Once she landed in Canada, due to her “basic knowledge of the English language”(Marie Ori Burns’ Story, line 20), she was sent to a job. This tells us that based on the skills of particular immigrants, they could immediately gain steady employment upon entering Canada.

Secondly, new immigrants found safety and security in their new country. Marie lived in Hungary during the Second World War, and fled the country after the war to escape Soviet, Communist control. Coming to Canada, a democratic, capitalist country far from the fighting in Europe, was described as being “next door to heaven”(Marie Ori Burns’ Story, line 19). This was the same for many new Canadians, of whom a significant portion were refugees. Immigrants benefitted from the rights and freedoms accorded to Canadians, as well as the democratic governmental system in which all could partake. In addition to the dangers of Communism, India and Pakistan were warring, causing the need for many Pakistani refugees to flee to Canada. Canada was considered a safe, peaceful refuge from the wars going on around the globe, including the Cold War.

Lastly, between 1946 and 1963 Canada was extremely welcoming and open to immigrants, due to the end of the war and the stability of its economy. The government itself helped immigrants find employment after arrival, and made the immigration process easy. According to Brajinder Dhillon, “if a relative was willing to sponsor, and [the applicant] had a good education, then [the] application would be accepted easily.”(Brajinder Dhillon’s Story, lines 17-20). Additionally, new immigrants made friends and connections quickly, and felt a sense of community and belonging after only a short time. In Marie Ori Burns’ opinion, Canada “could not have been kinder or more generous [to her]”(Marie Ori Burns’ Story, line 30). Furthermore, at that time, Canada was accepting refugees from wartorn countries like Pakistan, helping many escape danger in their home country.

Due to Canada’s welcoming attitude towards immigrants, its safety, and its low unemployment rates, new Canadians did enjoy much prosperity and security between 1946 and 1963. Furthermore, immigrants established new, often more purposeful and fulfilling lives in their new country. Canada became a true home to many new citizens during this time.



One response to “Canada’s “New” Canadians

  1. an interesting depiction of immigration to Canada and deductions drawn from material available. The only error that I detected in it was towards the end of the article was that Marie Ori Burns was from a well off family and traveled from Germany on a commercial ship and was sent to a job because of her knowledge of English. The facts are that she and her family were trades people and very poor. Her mother was in a sanitarium with T.B. and later died with it. She had to sign a paper before emigrating binding herself to a one year contract to work at the job assigned and from her pay an amount was deducted for room and board, another amount to repay the cost of her passage on the ship to Canada. From the remainder she sent package after package to Austria to her family to try to help them through very difficult circumstances in the DP camp.
    I know the story. Her husband of almost 57 years. R.Burns

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